Clinic Location

Care n Cure Clinic, Nayapalli, Near Hotel Crown, Bhubaneswar

For Consultation

+91 7008110200
+91 9090910009

Work Hours

Mon - Fri : 05:30 - 07:30

Anaemia in Pregnancy

Most common anaemia during pregnancy is iron deficiency anaemia. The woman who has got enough iron reserve and is on balanced diet is unlikely to develop anaemia during pregnancy. But if the iron reserve is less or absent, the factors which could cause anemia are:
Decreased intake of iron like seen in women belonging to low socioeconomic group, faulty eating habits, loss of appetite & vomiting. Disturbed formation of blood during pregnancy, which is normal. Pre-pregnant health status of the woman (if she had anemia before pregnancy). Abnormal demands like in twin pregnancy or recurring pregnancies. Teenage pregnancies. Commonly seen anaemia is Iron deficiency anaemia.


  • If anaemia is not severe there may not be any symptoms. 
  • But if it is severe, then common features are:
    Lethargy and feeling of exhaustion all the time.
  • Loss of weight, indigestion, palpitation, breathing difficulty, giddiness & swelling of legs.


Investigations help to confirm the diagnosis. Any person who has haemoglobin level less than 10 gm % needs to be thoroughly investigated.
Along with blood tests, stool & urine also has to be tested.


  • Complications occuring due to severe anaemia are:
  • Repeated infections occur due to decreased resistance of the body to infections.
    Heart failure may occur.
  • Preterm labour (labour starting before time).
  • During labour severe anaemia causes:
  • Excessive bleeding after delivery called post partum haemorrhage.
  • Heart failure.
  • Shock
  • During Puerparium (time after delivery).
  • Sepsis may occur.
  • Failure of uterus to come back to normal size.
  • Failing of lactation may occur.
  • Effect on baby
  • Prematurity is commonly seen.
  • Intra uterine death of the baby may occur.

    It would be divided into (2)-

  • Prophylactic (prevention)
  • To avoid frequent child births.
  • Supplementary iron tablets to be taken..
  • Food rich in iron to be eaten..
  • Early detection of this deficiency.
  • Adequate treatment is to be taken  


  • Anaemia is not a disease but a sign of underlying disorders. Treatment must be preceded by accurate diagnosis of the cause of anaemia & type of anaemia.

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